- Doctorate in Chiropractic, Palmer College of Chiropractic West, 1987
- Post-Graduate Certfications and professional Associations:
- Completed 4,000-hour Residency Program, American College of Chiropractic Neurology, 1993.
- Diplomate Post-Doctoral Studies in Neurology, American College of Chiropractic Neurology, 1993.
- Graduate: Brigham Young University, Bachelor of Science degree in Zoology, completed 1983, Minored in Chemistry, graduated with honors.